Feb 1, 2020 Viewed: 59

Melting Processing Equipment

5. 熔炼工艺及设备 Melting Processing Equipment


5.1. 熔炼基本术语 Basic smelting terms


熔化(熔炼) melting

重熔 remelting

炉料 charge

熔化率 melting rate

炉料计算 charge calculation

双联熔炼 duplexing

元素烧损(元素烧损率) melting losses of various chemical elements

熔炼损耗(烧损) total melting loss

还原气氛 reducing atmosphere

氧化气氛 oxidizing atmosphere

惰性气体 inert gas

碱度(碱性指数) index of basicity

碱性渣 basic slag

酸性渣 acid slag

精炼 refining

遗传性 heredity

风口比 tuyere ratio

有效高度 effective height

送风强度 blast intensity

预热送风 hot blast

底焦 coke bed

层焦 coke split

隔焦(结力焦) buffer coke charge

炉衬 furnace lining

碱性炉衬 basic lining

酸性炉衬 acid lining

棚料 bridging

熔池 bath

吸碳 carbon pick-up

铁焦比(焦比) iron-coke ratio

出渣 deslagging

打炉 cupola drop


5.2. 铸钢 Casting Steel


氧化熔炼法 oxidizing melting

不氧化熔炼法 dead melting

真空熔炼 vacuum refining

电渣熔炼 electro-slag melting

熔渣 slag

沉渣 sludge

浮渣 dross, cinder

氧化期(沸腾期) oxidizing stage,boil

还原期 deoxidizing stage,blocking stage

还原渣 reducing slag

氧化渣 oxidizing slag

白渣 white slag

脱氧 deoxidation

扒渣 slagging- off

脱碳 decarburization

脱硫 desulphurization

脱磷 dephosphorization

增碳 recarburizing

脱氧剂 deoxidizer

挥发损耗 volatilizing losses

静置 stewing, holding

吹氮 nitrogen flushing


5.3. 熔炼设备 Melting Processing Equipment


冲天炉 cupola

水冷冲天炉 water-cooled cupola

热风冲天炉 hot-blast cupola

湿法除尘器 wet cap

炉缸 cupola well

前炉 forehearth

冲天炉加料机 cupola charging machine

爬式加料机 skip hoist

电磁配铁称 electro-magnetic weighing balancer

电磁盘 electromagnetic chuck

电弧炉(直接电弧炉) arc furnace,direct arc furnace

感应电炉 electric induction furnace

电渣炉 electroslag furnace

电磁搅拌electromagnetic agitation

浇包 ladle

摇包 shaking ladle

底注包 bottom pouring ladle

保温炉holding furnace

坩埚炉crucible furnace

孕育 inoculation

多孔塞法 porous plug process

变质 modification

墨化剂 graphitizer

过热 superheating

石墨球化处理 nodularizing treatment of graphite

碳当量仪eutectometer

三角试块 wedge test-piece

真空除气vacuum degassing


5.4. 浇注 pouring


浇注 pouring

保护气氛浇注 pouring under controlled atmosphere

浇注速度 pouring rate

浇注温度 pouring temperature

浇注时间 pouring time

浇注位置 pouring position

型内孕育 inmold inoculation

压铁 weight

捣冒口 churning, pumping

点冒口(补注) teeming

浸入式高温计 immersion pyremeter

补炉 patching

炉龄(炉衬寿命) campaign


CONTACT
US